In 2004, 520 million tonnes out of the total quantity of 628 million tonnes of all types of milk produced worldwide came from cows, which signifies that the quantity of cow’s milk clearly dominates that produced by any other species: female buffalos produced 88 million tonnes of milk, goat’s milk accounted for 12.7 million tonnes, and 7.8 million tonnes of milk came from ewes.
(Average milk content (in g/L)
Kefir and Koumis, the fermented and slightly fizzy alcoholic drinks traditionally consumed in the Caucasus and in Asia Minor, are made from mare’s milk.
It is one of the world’s most vital elements, and is considered as both a source of nourishment and a symbol of purity that is equated with richness and abundance. Its importance has survived through the centuries and today it remains one of the most essential elements of consumption and one that is present on an everyday basis.
Milk is an essential source of nourishment that unites a mother to her young. It is a universal life-bringing liquid that has been considered as a raw material in the domestic economy since ancient times. Very early on it was used to manufacture a wide range of dairy products, which were created to conserve milk in other forms.